### Forces and Motion in Coupled Systems

#### PHY 200 & 230

You are a volunteer in the city's children's summer program. One suggested activity is for the children to build and race model cars along a level surface. to ensure that each car has a fair start, your co-worker recommends a special launcher be built. The launcher uses a string attached to the car at one end and (after passing over a pulley) the other end of the string is tied to a mass hanging straight down. The car starts from rest and the mass is allowed to fall, launching the car along the track. After the mass hits the ground, the string no longer exerts a force on the car but the car continues moving along the track. You want to know how the launch speed of the car depends on the parameters of the system that you can adjust. That is, you want to develop, algebraic expression that can be used to calculate how the launch velocity of the car depends on ONLY the mass of the car, the mass of the hanging mass, the distance the hanging mass falls and the acceleration due to gravity.

#### Equipment

 Name Location Quantity Adapter, USB to LabPro JE-105A-S161 1 per table Adapters, Labpro Power JE-105A-S161 1 per table Adjustable Feet, Dynamics Track JE-105A-S145 2 per table String, Black Nylon Pulley Cord JE-105A-D69,70 1 per table Timer, - MyChron, Battery JE-105A-D62 1 per table Track, Dynamics Cart System, Non-Encoder JE-105A-S146 1 per table Weight Hangers, 50g JE-105A-D44 1 per table End Stop, Dynamics Track JE-105A-S145 1 per table LabPro Adapter, Dynamics Track JE-105A-S135 1 per table Labpros JE-105A-S161 1 per table Sensors, Motion Detectors JE-105A-S160 1 per table Cable, Motion Detectors JE-105A-S160 1 per table Pulleys, Black Clamp JE-105A-S144 1 per table Cart, Dynamic JE-105A-S146 1 per table

#### Notes

This is a two part lab. Leave the same setup out for the second part. When setting up the lab, leave the equipment on the table, but do not set up the lab besides putting the adjustable feet, end stop, and pulley on each track. Make sure each track is level by using the level in the topmost compartment of the red tool box. The string for the pulleys can be any kind. Black nylon or mono-filament string are preferred. If the small silver adjustable end stops are already mounted on the tracks, take them off and use the dynamic track end stops instead.

Leave extra string on the instructor's table.

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Item modified on 2014-09-24 12:54:21 by weisss4.